Wathiqat Wattan organization holds a conference entitled “The Arab reality after 100 years of the Balfour Declaration” at Rida Said Hall, Damascus University, on the 4th and 5th of November 2017.
The conference was attended by Arab intellectuals from Algeria, Lebanon, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, Palestine and a number of Western countries such as the USA, France, Spain and other countries.
During the first day of the conference, first session were held under the title “Lessons from the Past”, chaired by Professor Majdi Al-Misraoui. In these sessions, a number of researchers presented studies on the “Zionist Movement before the Balfour Declaration” and “Egypt during the Sadat Era: Sinai Agreements 2, Camp David and the Repercussions of Egypt’s exit from the Equation of the Arab-Israeli conflict”.
Dr. Buthaina Shaaban, the Chairperson of Wathiqat Wattan organization, presented a lecture entitled: “Hidden Elements the Regional and International Scene in the Second Half of 20th the Century”.
The second session was entitled “the Challenges of the Present Time”, chaired by president Elie Fergusley. The lecturers, during this session, discussed the attempts to transform the Arab-Israeli conflict into sectarian and ethnic conflicts; the Arab identity crisis; and the systematic war on Arab republics.
The third session entitled “Moving Forward” was chaired by Dr. Karim Baccardouni. During this session, three papers were presented on the Sykes-Picot agreements and their relation to the Balfour Declaration; the mechanisms for building the Arab future; the Arab confusion since Balfour Declaration, and suggestions for reform and development.
The second day of the conference included a number of topics, which were discussed at a round table. The first topic was the Arab development project and the future of a joint Arab work. The discussion also referred to the importance of considering having a sovereign national state as a basis for any joint Arab renaissance work, the necessity to enhance cooperation among Arab institutions at all levels, and the need to prioritize the efforts to resist the Zionist entity and destroy any plan that threatens the sovereignty and independence of Arab States.
The second theme in the conference was entitled “Arab Identity: A Concept between the Past and present”. The discussion resulted in a number of recommendations, including the necessity of having a national political project to be the main common carrier of Arab identity, and the considering the diversity of all the components of Arab society as a factor that enriches our identity.
The third theme of the conference was entitled “The Risks of Normalization with Israel and the Palestinian case”. The discussion stressed the need to expose all those involved in the normalization process, regardless of their affiliations and posts, and work with all concerned in Arabic and Islamic fields to issue laws that criminalize those people.
The fourth theme discussed “How to Face Fragmentation” through the adoption of laws which guarantee obtaining the citizenship and activate the institutions that help citizen to work affectively, and scientific approaches, as well as the dissemination of scientific and intellectual culture.
The fifth theme addressed “the Arabs and the regional system, the overlap of interests and the multiplicity of positions.” This discussion pointed out that the way to research the nature of the regional system became clear after the evident Syrian victory over terrorism.
The sixth theme was entitled “Arabs and the International system: Silk Road and geopolitical variables”. The discussion concluded that Arabs have today to establish regional and global alliances that serve the interests of Arab countries seeking liberation.
The seventh and final theme discussed was “the Role of Arabs in the Future of the Region and the Outcome of the Arab-Zionist Conflict,” as well as the need to resolve conflicts among Arab countries.