Oral history falls within the general framework of writing the history of a phase, and thus includes all that relates to traditions, languages, institutions, social, economic, political and heritage structures transmitted orally from a generation to another. The concept of oral history also includes elements that indicate the historical, cultural, urban and intellectual dimensions of the space to be documented orally. Hence, oral history expands more and more to encompass the different aspects of life, not just events, but can be gathered within the framework of the document, so that the concept of oral history can be followed by an oral archive. Oral history thus becomes a cognitive act forming a document and giving an opportunity to analyze and intersect it with other documents.
Oral history is the documentation and writing the history of the cognitive state, and the totality of knowledge, information and events during a particular age. Based in this, the framework adopted by Wathiqat Wattan organization of the Oral History can be crystallized: the integration of the historical and oral document with the cognitive aspect, that is, the availability of cognitive spaces for documentation and preservation for future generations, whether they are events, knowledge or cognitive research that illustrate the contemporary or ancient history evenly.
From this perspective, oral history is obtaining an audio/visual document that includes the basic recording of documentation according to a scientific methodology, and the preservation of this document and its publication according to appropriate multiple outputs. Oral history is a recorded audio or visual document that is a source of historical information and contributes to the formation of a historical oral archive.